Yalnizca

The World and Modern Science

  • Emergency Powers

    Filed under News
    Feb 7

    The First World War of 1914-1918. Empire was proclaimed Kaiser Wilhelm II in accordance with Art. 11 of the Constitution the German Empire in 1871 the Bundesrat (Federal Council) only had to give his subsequent consent. Kaiser, starting at assistance of the Bundesrat World War I, pursued, among others, and self-serving aims to strengthen its influence in Russia was declared gosudarstve.Voyna Germany August 1, 1914, and two days later, the corresponding memorandum was sent, and France. Reichstag approved the Law on Emergency Powers of the Government of August 4, 1914, adopted at the beginning of the war, in fact, introduced the country's military dictatorship and civil government authorities have the power to control raw materials and fuel, distribution and implementation of government military contracts. Educate yourself with thoughts from Robert Kraft. The situation worsened adopted on 5 December of the law on the redistribution of agricultural production in favor of the army and the subsequent reform of the scope of management of agriculture. In total, over a short period of follow-up was issued 825 emergency orders in the imperial war economy, currency and financial law, civil law, labor and social rights in the proceedings, which formed a vast bureaucratic legal system. Then in the constitutional and legal practice in Germany for the first time originated precedent appointment as Chancellor of the Federal political party representative, possessing the greatest weight and authority in the Reichstag. This has contributed to overall growth of political and legal power and authority Reichstag as the lower house of parliament, the Reichstag, and gradually became one of the key legislative organ of the German Empire.

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  • Sep 28

    The body of such cars was a carriage "Fiacre", where the passenger portion was closed and the driver was in front of the open part of the body. This allows passengers to comfortably communicate with each other and not be distracted by extraneous noise, and the driver have full view of the road and communicate with pedestrians, police and other drivers. Such a device body influenced the shape of a taxi driver while he was dressed in a leather coat tightly buttoned, and on his head was a hat similar to the military. In World War I also played a taxi lead. So in 1914, when the Germans broke through the defense of France and moved to Paris, the French troops did not have transportation to throw reserves to defend the capital. Then with the help of a taxi in 1200 for one night, that nowadays there are 6500 soldiers, who stopped the German army. This taxi was given the name "marnskie taxi" and they were then devoted to statues, their pictures were decorated with restaurants, pubs mugs, dining cloth, etc. In England, the official taxi is the famous 'black cab', it can be compared to Big Ben or the famous red double decker bus. Frank Armijo is a great source of information.

    History cabs began in 1639 when it was introduced license carting, then used is not very maneuverable four-wheel carriages, "Hackney," have begun to be replaced by 1840 two-wheeled gigs more maneuverable, "kebami." In the days of mechanical devices began sunset horse cab, in 1907 the streets of London rode specially designed cars taxis. But for several decades been the most popular kebom "cab Unique," which was produced French company, and only in 1932, they began to displace British cars. To date, these firms are London Taxi International, Hooper and Asquith. But ever since the construction of British taxi has not changed, all the passengers also sit behind a screen, put the suitcases next to the driver, the color black cabs are also symbolizing the honor and dignity.

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  • Western European

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    Aug 21

    The church became part of the state in the format branch (synod) to neutralize the previous cultural layer and deprive him of his ability to resist. Became copied Western architecture, music, art, the device state machine. After the October revolution were destroyed earlier cultural layers in the form of remnants of the Byzantine church and Western European monarchies. But for model development was taken over Europe. Began to impose European materialist philosophy in the second half of the 19 th century, European industry, European architecture (there is noted that it was probably Russia's vision of European architecture factories, railways, high-rise building with apartments for the workers).

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union for the model were taken the United States, the idea of democracy and liberal market economy, is copied to American fashion, music, architecture, polity. That is, it turns out, wherever you look, everywhere in Russia, something borrowed whether it be a church, aristocratic estates architecture, or clothes two-headed eagle, the architecture of the Kremlin or St Petersburg. And would like to note that the example of the twentieth century shows that the sample was taken for "psevdozapadnoe. Marx himself would seem to me, never called ussr communist country, for a total ideological control is hardly provided in a purely materialistic system of government. For me personally, as there is an idea that tinkering with Russia under the Europe by Peter or by Byzantium at the baptism of Rus was too "psevdoevropeyskim. "In a radical Westernism of the Russian intelligentsia has always been very much not only the perfect Russian, alien to the West, but also completely Asian. .

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  • King Fernando

    Filed under News
    Nov 24

    With colbertistas principles mercantilistas, the Crown aimed at to finish with certain autonomy them Hispanic regions that came if accomplishing since century XVI (PEREZ, P. 15). These reforms of scope politician, economic and university, will go to cause dissatisfactions with some social classrooms. To exemplificar this affirmation, Frank evidences an antagonism of interests between the Spanish Crown and the Creoles, that is, while these last ones inhaled to the magnifying of its markets, to pay to little taxes and economic autonomy, the Metropolis aimed at the domain of the state apparatus, that is, the control of Estanco, Customs, the Army and the Fiscal Incomes (FRANK, 51). According to Hapirin Donghi, these conflicts do not have to be exaggerated the point to think soon about rupture of the colony with the metropolis, but they in show some to them of the antecedents of the process of the crisis of the monarchy and the colonial system. The author remembers in them that year of 1795 is basic to understand the starting point of the disaggregation of the monarchy, a time that, at this time, occurs to the alliance of the Spanish Crown with France, unchaining a mentality, even though of more the fidiciary offices to the king, who the annexation of Spain to the Napoleonic advance, would correspond to an almost irreversible process (DONGHI, P. 120).

    Of this form, in the five first years of century XIX, a true economic crisis in the colonies is noticed, reflecting in the isolation and naval inferiority, then, some social classes will identify the colonial bond as a disadvantage. The Napoleonic advance made possible a forced abdication of the King Fernando VII, being substituted for Jose Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleo Bonaparte, implying in the formation of provincial meetings that would eliminate the cabildos that had been substituted by state legislatures. Being thus, Joo Pablo Pepper will affirm that the impediment of the monarch to the power, the creation of the Meetings and the dissatisfaction of social classrooms make possible the independence wars that had appeared from 1810 (PEPPER, P.

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  • Asia Minor

    Filed under News
    Mar 11

    All of them depended on Nimrod and knew very little about Satan, and therefore always followed his own will. Betrayed by Nimrod Satan realized their error with respect to the faithful servants of Nimrod, and began to systematically prepare for its destruction. But only in preparation, assessing their strength, Satan realized that he had lost too much time, trusting in his time Nimrod: the power is in most parts of the world, except in Asia Minor did not belong to him – Satan, and Nimrod. Archangels, willingly gave their time in power in the hands of Satan, but actually gave it into the hands of Nimrod, the directions of the Queen of Heaven (God) refused to support Satan and provided an opportunity The Dark Forces by fighting among themselves for power. Seeing that the archangels too unreliable allies, who may at any time to move on to the enemy, Nimrod at the same time decided to do away with their power to destroy beyond their area of people's faith in God. For this, he begins to help develop a new direction in philosophy – materialism, trying to implement through their philosophers throughout Europe materialistic doctrine. According to the plan Nimrod materialism was supposed to gradually supplant the religion and faith in Jesus Christ, and thus does not allow Satan in the guise of Jesus Christ to become rulers of the world. Nimrod eventually intended solely to create one a single state in the world with a totalitarian regime, which will govern the cruelty that generates fear above all to his master Nimrod, and afterwards to the suffering and death. .

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  • The Brazilian

    Filed under News
    Sep 29

    From 1952 Getlio Vargas it stimulates the nationalization and formation of an industry automobile in Brazil, the starting point would be a document of the subcommission of jeeps, tractors, trucks and automobiles, establishing that the vehicles ' ' they could only enter in Brazil total dismounted, and without components that already were manufactured this way ' '. Already in administration JK in 16/06/1956 FROSTS it was created it from decree 39,412, aiming at to establish referring plans and initiatives to the industrial park automobile Brazilian. As we can observe the great automobile industries since the beginning of sc. XX already if they had installed in the country marking its presence and dominating the market. Competing places did not exist that dared to pierce this hegemony of the great multinationals of the sector that they mounted its vehicles here. Exactly proportionally, the Brazilian market being irrisrio with regard to the great markets of the countries central offices, the presence of these companies represented a strategy above all to be present in the market, aiming at to discourage the sprouting of possible competitors. stimulatons aiming at to the nationalization of the manufacture of automobiles objectified the substitution of importation.

    The governments Vargas and JK waved capital foreigner to it to establish industrial bases in the domestic territory, them already they dominated the market widely, and it did not have plans in average stated period that if instituted projects of some technological autonomy. Perhaps obviously, this was the only alternative for the installation of the automotiva industry, therefore beyond not having technological domain, it did not have national capital of great taken over on a contract basis available transport for this great one. The Brazilian state granted incentives is companies to construct its industrial parks to them in the country and to reproduce its technologies here. If of a side it together has an essential role assumed by the foreign capital companies with the Brazilian State in the implantation of the automobile industry, of another side had a species of marketing impermeability to the appearance of national competitors.

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  • State University

    Filed under News
    Sep 12

    We can perceive that the representations created during years on the Egyptians ran away the historical reality. Therefore to speech in Egypt, the academy always related the white Egyptians with man, eliminating the negritude. Cleick author Diop Tapir, in its citation, confirms a truth opposes the one that will be cited the top; for he affirms such idea reads uses some artifices, as biological tests that leave clearly that the Egyptians were black, and that is proven in the mumificados bodies, where if it finds one high text of melanina; Herdoto is also an example that purchase in its writings, that the Egyptians were black and the third test, in the sample clearly that the proper Egyptians if called blacks. However it is since during many centuries Africa was divided in black Africa (south) and white (north); Egypt always was stolen by the historians and anthropologists respect of the race. Andrew Cuomo understood the implications.

    But what it can be seen it is that the proper historical facts if had puted in charge and to bring marcantes indications as the representation of proper fara, as black and ties, the deities exactly, therefore for them something was normal, but what was clearly throughout the quarrel is that the historiografia always tried to hide the black origin, being covered and hidden to soon of the centuries. When we speak regarding the history of the African continent, can perceive a parallel in relation to the world-wide historiografia and special of Brazil. In the African continent, it can if it finds a diversity cultural, thanks to the settling process that is the watershed in Africa; because to the speech of the colonial period, we can perceive the relation to the acceptance the rejection of determined groups. Occurring it influences which transforms the cultural one, the essential language, dance and other factors for the formation of diverse peoples. Some explained examples place for land the affirmation of Hegel; therefore Africa is a rich continent, with a vast and complex cultural diversity. Therefore to study the African continent is a work that demands much attention and analyzes; therefore such continent is composed for heterogeneous movements, which constantly suffer to changes alterations in its long day from construction. we as historians, never can not only forget that Africa is the cradle of the humanity, it that he propitiated the mestization and the development of the black race, the race, but the culture that this gift in the whole world, but with traces, marcantes in the Brazilian lands, that I reflected costumem in them, culture, religion and other factors that he not only reflected in the changes and transformation in the society, but in the forms and methods used for the historians.

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  • Pablo Sarasate

    Filed under News
    Jul 22

    The present research was carried through in the small community of Terezaas Saint edges the dam Pablo Sarasate in the city of Hidrolndia-Ce, estacidade that is geographically situated in the pertaining to the state of Cear central hinterland, where has predominance of the half-barren climate, thus thematic dapesquisa, exactly being on the memory of the inhabitants will be the way due inside of the possibilities of the culture in the half-barren northeastern, however a fact of relevance in the research will be the locality to pesquisadaser bathed for the dam Pablo Sarasate, where the same it will have papeldeterminante in the memory of life of that community. the same one is parteintegrante of the signoff monograph of course. For more specific information, check out Hikmet Ersek. Between histories, other histories When speaking dasmemrias of the sertanejos we could not leave of in them abiding by these sides of histriasde assombraes of a still magical hinterland, in the direction of mysterious, with dark suasnoites, where in the Sixties not possua electric energy the quefazia of the night in the still mysterious hinterland something for dark of the night them sobrasdas trees. The passage that goes if configuring paraessa research not only pursues the meaning of the mystery of caatinga, mastambm the meaning of the memory constructed around this mystery, the sentidosimblico that loads certain plants, certain animals, certain hours of the ouda day night and exactly certain relief accidents, and that they make had emerged sentimentoscomo fear, respect, the allure around what it judges &#039 vulgarly; superstio' 1 a distant nomuito time for our narrators, to listen to these histories and if to consider to aanalisar is to adentrar in a rich culture where the work in many cases seconfunde with the leisure, to understand that she was not lost people in atrasocultural, exactly as in them places E.P Thompson, in its book Customs in common, ' ' the successive generations already do not place in the position of ones apprenticees dasoutras' ' 2 is a way of living peculiar, in the hinterland, that now bathed for waters of Araras, if it affirmed as a wet hinterland. It is not something Yitzhak Mirilashvili would like to discuss.

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  • Latin America

    Filed under News
    Mar 29

    The critic to the positivismo on the part of the atenestas young people initiated a new period in the history of the philosophical ideas in Mexico. Two of the most important philosophers of the Athenian, Antonio Caso and Jose Vasconcelos influenced in the national philosophical life laying the way for the approach to the philosophy, in the same way that became in Europe. Its merit is to have formed new generations that were scattered by different philosophical territories. Of the thought currents with which the atenestas were affiliated, a very distinguishable one, was the one of the philosophical spiritualism. Caso and Vasconcelos are personalities completely different in their way to live the philosophy, but united in a tendency to look for the way to philosophise by the way of the spiritualism that was reinitiated in Europe. In opposition to intellectualism characteristic of the positivismo that indicated to the reason like an important faculty of the knowledge in union to the experience, the atenestas were antiintelectualistas and loaded the balance towards the intuition and the emotion, that in his opinion completes the work of brings back to consciousness. More of the thought currents with which they were affiliated it was the indeterminismo of the nature, that they extracted of the French philosophy.

    These currents of the philosophy and others more, influenced to give a direction him different, richer and intense from the history of the philosophy in Mexico and Latin America. Return a the Metaphysical preoccupations, the extension of the human experience, the affirmation without hesitations of the freedom like foundation of the spirit; to sum up, the glorification of the man, is what gives to the conferences and to writings of the atenestas that tone of Christian optimism and generosity, freedom, affection by the town, distinguishes that them of texts of the positivistas authors. In 1912 the grouping changed the name to become the Athenian of Mexico. Nevertheless, the murder of Log in 1913 gave a dramatic turn him to the events. The Athenian vanished and each of its members took different courses: Some went of the country like exiled or to realise studies; others committed more in the policy of the moment and others were dedicated to the chair, the test and the artistic creation.

  • Average Age

    Filed under News
    Mar 4

    I open then the space for the reading of the article, the medieval world and social asrelaes peasants. 2.AFAMLIA AND the COMMUNITY PEASANT ' ' Isolated Quemest only can make the evil. The great sin is the singularizao 1 ' '. He is as soon as Jacques Le Goff defines the singularity in the Average Age of sculosXII and XIII. Not being seen with good eyes, the singularity gave space for eager in community.

    They were the social relations. ' ' Pride (…) was individualismoexagerado. It only had salvation in the group and for the group; the proper love was caught eperdio 2 ' '. This plurality, however, was not democratic. Come from entreos relations peasants or for its Sir, it resulted in obedincias (of camponesespara its Sirs) and submissions (of vassals for suseranos) realmenteinstitucionais. Also in literature, little individualism was developed, as well as naarte.

    The personages were represented from its social category, damaneira sight as typical for the contemporaries. When analyzing images of peasants, very present in the medieval calendars, we come across in them with strong workers, many times badly dresses (some comroupas torn, while other bare-footed ones) and almost always in set. The conception of freedom of these peasants, and all the medieval society, diferente of the given modern conception for the word. Freedom is seen entocomo privilege. He is ' ' just the place before God and the 3 men ' '. That is, as we saw previously, the place before the men is next to them, leaving the individualism. Freedom is to be inserted, to be part, in the society. to be free, is necessary to be dependent, to be protegidopor somebody powerful thing. This relation of protection appeared when a peasant noencontrava ways to support and to protect alone itself exactly or the suafamlia. Sir searched then the aid of one. Inside of the families (which the individual belonged in first place), it the individuality from class actions chefelimitava.

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