The World and Modern Science

  • Dec 4

    Contemporary of Ratzel, woollen Paul Vidal Blache (1845-1918), believed that the object of Geography was the region, therefore it was synthecized the natural aspects and the intervention human being (SANSOLO; GENTLEMAN, 2003). If opposing the Ratzel, it the man classified as a dynamic being that is influenced by the natural way, but that also it acts on it and it modifies it by means of its action. There Blache, strong influenced for its original formation in History, criticized the passive vision of the man in the theories of Ratzel, defending the creative aspect (freedom) in the actions human beings, who would not be only one reply to the impositions of the way. Its relativized form to conceive the relations between the man and the environment gave to origin to the called theory of 3 possibilismo French in reaction to the German ambient determinismo, that inaugurated a new vision, according to which, the nature passed to be seen as possibility for the activity human being and the different types of ways would give to origin the diverse sorts of life (ANDRADE, 1987; MORAES, 1997). There Blache also redefines the concept of sort of life, inherited of the determinismo: an inevitable consequence of the nature, but of &#039 is treated not more than; ' a quantity of techniques, habits, uses and customs, that allow it to use the resources naturais' ' (CORRA, 1995) In the boarding of the positivista Geography woollen Blache, that was known as Traditional Geography, it did not have explanation of the facts, only its description. In the pertaining to school banks and didactic books workmanships of Aroldo de Azevedo characterize this boarding that influenced the period of 50 the 70 of century XX mainly. Education, this Geography if translated (and many times still are expressed) for the descriptive study of natural the landscapes and humanizadas, of dissociada form of the feelings of the men for space.

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