The World and Modern Science

  • Brazilian Central

    Filed under News
    Sep 14

    This escape for the gold was preoccupying, therefore it denoted clearly the reliable crisis in the banking system and the confidence of the agents in the economy. The quotation of the assets was so uncertain that the investors if they had taken refuge in the gold, asset whose main function is to assure the value reserve. In this context, the Brazilian Central banking took measured important by reduction of the obligatory one, guaranteeing a bigger irrigation in the financial system. The action of the government was sufficiently fast, even so has privileged the detainers of liquidity in the system. The basic taxes of interests (the SELIC) that they were in a platform very raised they had been reduced in 300 base points.

    Although the flexibilizao monetary promoted for the Brazilian Central banking it has served only for what I call dictatorship of the liquidity detainers took body. The event of bigger banks buying lesser banks in the basin of the souls (Ita-Unibanco, BB-Votorantim, for example) was emblematic. The banks of bigger transport that are seen by the investors as of lesser risk, they had received most from the resources of the economizers. Moreover, the companies and customers at a first moment had been awardees for the afrouxamento of the taxes of collect in the obligatory one without placing these resources in the credit. However, the Government adopted one politics against cyclical for the responsible performance in the distribution of the resources between surplus and deficit in the market, it saw reduction significant of tax SELIC, for the improvement in the conditions of financing for small the average companies, for the guarantee of deposits in the commercial banks, saw Central banking, already mentioned and for a distribution more equnime of the liquidity in the stock market premiando the ones that assumed risks. Brazil due to the bond that received with the growth world-wide when accumulating international reserves, due to the increase in the amounts and the prices of commodities, daily pay-burst of the bubble, had a formidable relative position to allow a great start and took off all advantage of this crisis.

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  • Economic Crisis

    Filed under News
    Jul 11

    A bit of philosophy in the midst of the crisis. After fifteen years of uninterrupted growth, the economy is going downhill and almost all adjust our consumption to a minimum. The savings are in an unprecedented 24% in Spain, and the purchase of homes, vehicles, appliances, furniture, or generally anything deferrable, has plummeted, while the white markings and are pushing hard discount, resulting in even large strategic moves in this direction, such as Mercadona, which is promoting its brands at the expense of manufacturers. In many cases this is caused by the situation of unemployment of one or more members of the family unit, while many others were caused by negative expectations we have about future economic developments. Learn more on the subject from Jeff Gennette. We are all concerned about it. However, after more than a decade in which the growth of the economy (somewhat artificial, as shown) and competition with others (friends, neighbors, partners …) have encouraged consumerism and have "created needs", perhaps a good time to consider that it is richer the more you have, but the least needs. Case a) – Have you seen what Alberto villa has been purchased? Impressively, six bedrooms, seven bathrooms, property of two square meters …

    – Yes, I have not seen it, but told me the other day Paco. The truth is that it is a winner … Case b) – What a car that has Thomas, three hundred horses, and all the equipment you can imagine, individual heated seats and memory, if even only stops if it detects an obstacle … Hikmet Ersek might disagree with that approach. – Yes, I turned around last week. Cool. The truth is that he needs a good car, because you travel a lot … Case c) – What about Peter? …

    How long you spend Iphone Menudo! – You see, is that as I'm always traveling around, I need to be connected, and so on all my e-mails when I want. It is a whim, but … it is beautiful? Well, and useful especially useful … Today, many professionals living in constant stress and would be willing to trade a little of this life have a more flexible schedule and reconcile with family life, more opportunities for training and personal and professional development, etc. in short, a little more time for themselves. Case below) – You'll never believe it, the end of the day is the day out and not enjoy it much, and almost worse weekends. And have a mortgage of more than three thousand euros a month, I think that almost works for the Bank. And besides, why would so many rooms do not even have children? Then case b) – Yes, that's to be all day on the road is a drag. I was also before, but now I can walk to work, and that really is life. Then case c) – I mean, they are all day giving you the can … – Yes, you see, every time I hear the beep that there is a new message, I get hysterical, nor the end week let me be.

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  • China Contraction

    Filed under News
    Jul 1

    The Deep one foresees that the production industrial of U.S.A. it goes to fall colossal 2.8% this year. In contrast of most of the economists who are foreseeing recovery in as the semester, the FMI does not wait improvement some before 2010 middle. exactly it calculates there that the growth will be of anmicos 1.5%. On the other hand, the Cabinet of the Budget of the Congress of U.S.A. foresees a growth of 4% in 2010. Meanwhile, the economy of the zone of euro must have contraction of 4,2% this year and 0,4% in 2010, according to FMI, criticizing the block in relation to the weak public answers and coordination. According to Deep, the contraction must be ' ' particularly severa' ' in Ireland and ' ' sufficiently severa' ' in Great-Britain and that the unemployment in developed European economies must increase around 10% in the 2009 end and continue speeding up until 2011.Em Asia, the FMI it esteem that the contraction of Japan must be gone deep more than previously imagined, while the Chinese economy tends to grow in a slower rhythm.

    The Deep wait that the Japanese production falls 6.2% in 2009, very worse forecast that the esteem decline of 2,6% in January. For China, the Deep one reduced the forecast of growth in 2009 for 6,5%, before 6,7%, tax equivalent to half of the registered one in 2007 and well below of registered 9% in the last year. Sobrou for the banks Latin-americanosO prolongation of the world-wide contraction threat to even create significant risks for banks that today seem solid and had been even though contaminated by the reliable crisis that shook the financial sector in the advanced countries, said the director-controlling of Fundo Monetrio Internacional (FMI), Dominique Strauss-Kahn.' ' Latin America does not have a banking crisis today, but financeira&#039 has a crisis; ' , Strauss-Kahn in the afternoon of tuesday, interview to the Value and others said three Latin American periodicals. .

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  • Brazilians

    Filed under News
    May 9

    The materials used in the cults afro-Brazilians come being modified for the introduction of techniques and new materials, as weaveeed synthetic, metalloids, plastic lines of nylon, accounts and of resins, metal galvanization, that is widely used for craftsmen, making possible the object production in bigger scale, what it sells at a loss the end item, the musical instruments and the rhythms who are executed possesss historical values. They are medias and of information, they are sacred e, after the obligations, become instruments of materialization and exteriorizao of the vital forces, that is, of the 9 Ax. This is, for example, the case of atabaques. In Salvador it is great the consumption of musical instruments, for the integrant ones of professional and amateur bands, for the entailed tocadores to the cult afro, for the amateur public and the tourists that visit the city periodically, notadamente the foreigners. The preference falls again on percussion instruments. With the creation of bahian rhythms as afroreagge and ax, these musical instruments had wide passed to be used by percussionistas, data to the predominance of the African rhythm that is dominant in the city. The list of the instruments of the Brazilian rhythms is great diversified e, of the most varied origins (European, eastern, African, etc.), beyond autctones, where if they include the instruments aboriginal. Most of the produced musical instruments in Salvador is percussivo.

    In general, they are of African origin, with small modifications carried through when passing of the time better to take care of to the new musical styles created by the Brazilians. They had come at the time brought for the blacks of the slavery and, initially, they served to ritmar the cantos and the parties of the cults afros. Due to ethnic origin of these instruments, the produziz form them and to touch them, survived all these years being the last information to the successive generations for the verbal tradition.

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  • Mar 28

    Krurgman, born in 1953, has been awarded the highest award for his contribution to science and analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity. This professor at Stanford University is also a contributor to The New York Times, since 2001, and from his column has repeatedly criticized some decisions of George W. Bush. This is one of the economists prestigious and influential in the world and won the 1991 John Bates Clack medal, awarded every two years by the American Economical association. As indicated by the above information is important to enter the scope, impact and generates his theory that states that trade patterns and location has always been key issues in the economic debate.

    What are the effects of free trade and globalization? What forces are influencing the exponential growth of urban areas across the globe? U.S. professor has developed a new theory to answer these questions, for which has crossed the research data from international trade with economic geography. Krugman’s approach is based on the premise that many goods and services can be produced more cheaply in long series, the stuff of economies of scale, while consumers have to demand an increasing variety of goods and services.

    As a result, production small-scale local economies is being progressively replaced by large-scale production of the world economy, dominated by companies that manufacture similar products and competing. Classical theories on trade patterns argue that countries are different, which explains why some nations export agricultural products while others export industrial goods or steel, for example. But a review of Krugman offers an explanation as to why trade is dominated by countries characterized not only by having similar economic conditions, as argued by the classics, but also for dealing in similar products, one example is Sweden, which both Car imports and exports. According to the professor, this trade makes specialization in large-scale production, which in turn reflected in a decrease in prices and growing a wide variety of consumer goods.

    Economies of scale combined with low transport rates also help explain why people tend to focus on making cities and economic tasks in similar geographic locations. low prices and transport can lead to self-reinforcing these processes through which the metropolitan population growth contribute to the increase in large-scale production, which in turn causes an increase in real wages and a greater diversity of supply of goods and goods: that is stimulated migration to cities. Krugman’s theories have shown that the consequence will be the growth of urban areas increasingly divided into two areas, much like Silicon Valley in California: an area dominated by high technology, surrounded by an expanding periphery much less developed. In 2007, the theory of the mechanisms Recall that last year, the winners were Americans Leonid Hurwicz, University of Minnesota, Eric S. Maskin, Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and Roger B. Myerson, University of Chicago, for their joint contribution to establishing the foundations of the theory for the design of mechanisms, which explains why some business models are more efficient than others.

    “In his first remarks after receiving the prize, Krugman referred to the current global economic crisis and said that although the world economy could face a large-scale recession, surely you can avoid collapse. The winner also praised the efforts of world leaders to overcome the crisis, despite had recently warned that the rescue plan approved in the U.S. “has no rhyme or reason” because they give aid “without conditions or counterparties.”

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