Yalnizca The World and Modern Science
  • MindBrain Problem

    Filed under News
    Jan 7

    RELATIONS BETWEEN THE MIND-BRAIN PROBLEM AND THE MENTAL way of characterizing As expressed in the definitions of mind-brain problem, it should also be clear that I pose the same (or more specifically, the answers to that I raise) the issue involves almost inevitably take a stand (eg a theory) about the nature of the mental. Indeed, this close affiliation can be demonstrated in various ways through the different theories about the mind-brain relations, as follows: Cartesian Dualism: the mind is basically an immaterial substance that interacts with the body it is attached in a way inaccessible for philosophical thought. Radical behaviorism, the mind does not exist, there is only the behavior of organisms, therefore there is no mind-brain problem to the extent that there can be indeed a problem of relations between something existing (brain) and some non-existent ( mind) Physicalism: the mind and brain processes (apparently) exist, but ultimately, they are nothing but the brain and brain processes. Functionalism: The mind and brain processes (apparently) exist, but ultimately, are nothing informational states of a system that is: how components are arranged so that each one constitutes "information carrier" to allow the system to perform certain functions (ie, the so-called "mental functions" perceiving, thinking, reasoning, evaluating, deciding, problem solving, creating, acting, etc.). The problem of dualism Preliminary characterization dualism is the doctrine that there are two kinds of things or aspects in the universe: the mental and physical. The dualism goes back to the doctrines of the soul developed by Greek philosophy, especially Socrates and Plato, but in modern philosophy was formulated as a comprehensive theory of Descartes.

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