The World and Modern Science

  • Sep 15

    The pioneer patent will invigorate for the stated period of 20 (twenty) years and of model of utility for the stated period the 15 (fifteen) counted years of the date of deposit. Only paragraph. The validity stated period will not be inferior the 10 (ten) years for the pioneer patent and the 7 (seven) years for the patent of utility model, to count of the date of concession, excepted the hypothesis of the INPI to be hindered to proceed to the merit examination of the order, for proven judicial pendency or reason of bigger force. the State or Institucional Monopoly, this is when the State is responsible for the supply of a good or service, Petrobra’s is an example. The monopoly situation generates damage mainly for the consumer whom if it sees without exit in being able to choose for marks or different companies to consume.

    But it is the responsible State for mediating these relations, and it can make a economic control of the monopoly, controlling prices and with valuation politics. 2,1 Oligopolies while it forms to monopolize The origin of the term oligopoly, also Greek, means ‘ ‘ to vender poucos’ ‘ oligos (few) and polens (to vender), are a type of evolved monopoly, where a bigger number of companies exists – but generally they do not exceed the number of ten (10) that it withholds the control of prices in the market, does not have competition between them as for the valuation of prices, is the propaganda that makes the difference in the sales of the products of each company. Few companies dominate the market, due the existing barriers or the cost of the competition not to compensate, the substitute products is next, does not have very great differentiation between them, it promotes the domain of definitive offers of goods and services..

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  • Code Guardianship

    Filed under News
    Dec 5

    The effect of the sentence pronounced against the Public Farm are accurately the same ones produced for a sentence against which apelao.&#039 was interposed; ' concluding, after that, its reasoning, of the following form: ' ' One sees, therefore, that to take advantage the argument according to which not the anticipation of the guardianship against the Public Farm in face of the double degree of jurisdiction is permissible, is had to also understand the anticipation of the guardianship in any incabvel in case that, rank that always will be able to occur the appeal interposition. Interposed this, the sentence could only be executed after confirmed for the Tribunal.' ' Also contrary the possibility of if anticipating the guardianship in face of the public being, the positioning of Raphael Silva Salvador meets that, previously to Law 9,494/97, said to be ' ' impossible the anticipated guardianship granted in favor of author against the Union, the State and the City, therefore, would have, obligatorily, order of necessary reexame there if the concession was in final judgement, what sample that is not possible, then, the anticipated guardianship, that would burlaria the foreseen legal protection in art. 475, II, of the Code of Civil action. Exactly with the robust arguments of the doutrinadores above cited thinking for not concession of anticipated guardianship against the public farm. In the direction back of these and in accordance with the doctrinal and jurisprudencial positioning, as well as the legal forecast we understand to be possible the concession of Anticipated Guardianship in face of the public farm. However, as well as the simple concession foreseen in art. 273 of the CPC, this impreterivelmente do without the fulfilling of the requisite ensejadores of the same one. Without the shadow of a doubt, it is clearly, that one that will be authorized to promote the execution provisory of the decision, if benefited with the anticipated guardianship, will have advantage on that will be obliged to wait the judgements of merits and to promote the execution. Get more background information with materials from Michael Mirilashvili.

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