Yalnizca The World and Modern Science
  • Old Art

    Filed under News
    Mar 1

    The history of Persian carpet goes back to 2,500 years ago. The Persians were pioneers in the manufacture of carpet between the ancient civilizations and generated a high level of perfection through many centuries of creativity. Skill in the manufacture of carpets was transmitted of parents to children, who also developed this skill and transmitted it is, in turn, to their own offspring as a sort of well kept family secret. To study the history of Persian carpet should follow the path of the culture of one of the greatest civilizations development. At the beginning, carpets were an item of necessity since they were used as covers for soil and inputs in order to protect the nomads of the cold weather. Most beautiful rugs later, attracted new and different proprietary Kings and nobles, who saw them as signs of wealth, distinction and prestige-.European paintings dated between 1350 and 1450 carpets can be obtained by lot and very good information about the drawings of the carpets of that era (heraldic birds, animals fighting, a tree between two birds and animals), probably copied from Byzantine fabrics. Some of the most beautiful carpets made during the 16th and 17TH centuries were woven in the city of Usak, to the West of Turkey, which was one of the main centers of the Court of the Ottoman Empire. Typical carpets Usak artisans wove were prayer, drawings of stars, medallion, of birds and of lines and dots. It must be said that Turkmen carpets are recognizable by the typical dark red and by the surface defined by a single repeated motive: thus are the bukara (with rows of octagons with framed in white and alternate mixtilineo contour with oscurisimas crosses) and subtypes pendeh and khiva, the yemud (continuous motif of diamonds), the tekke (octagons simplified) and the afgan (Octagon in whose centre stands the cross and clover).

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